Vertebrate toxic agents include:
• all products that claim to kill or control a vertebrate
• any substance used with the intended purpose of killing or limiting the viability of individual, or populations of, animals
• products that have a negative effect on reproduction.
Any VTA product used in New Zealand must be registered under the Agricultural Compounds and Veterinary Medicines (ACVM) Act, which is designed to manage risks to:
• agricultural security
• animal welfare
• public health
• trade in primary produce
and to avoid non-compliant residues in food.
(There are some exempt categories (repellents/attractants) but these are still subject to conditions under Schedule 2 of the ACVM Regulations.)
For trials, registration can be research or provisional registration.
• You must hold a research/provisional approval before starting trial work.
• You must provide ERMA and AEC approvals.
To register a VTA, follow instructions in our Information Requirements and submit applications to the Approvals and ACVM Group of NZFSA. Include:
• comprehensive covering letter
• real time stability data
• justification for all deviations
• equivalence data/arguments (cross-referencing)
• full data packages for active ingredient.
Remember, applications take time -- early preparation is the key.
Kinds of VTAs
There are 3 groups of VTAs:
• unrestricted sale/unrestricted use
• restricted sale/unrestricted use
• restricted sale/restricted use.
The category is determined by NZFSA during the registration process.
Providing information on labels
VTA labels should cover information on:
• bait preparation, application directions
• restrictions on use, stock withholding period
• if a Controlled Substances Licence is required
• if the product is to be used only in a suitable bait station.
VTAs must not be used off-label. This is achieved via
• label statements, eg ‘By law ...’
• compliance with general and product specific conditions (found on our website).
• Place baits away from stock/wild game, pets.
• Use bait stations (if this is a label requirement).
• Comply with conditions of registration (licences, notification, signage, storage).
• Report adverse events to NZFSA through 0800 NZFSA1.
• Always read the label directions.
• Use VTAs responsibly.
• Ensure compliance with other legislation as well (eg, Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act, Animal Products Act).
• Knowingly breaching the conditions of registration is an offence under the ACVM Act.