Meat Act 1981
Technical Directive

Technical Directive Priority:  Normal
From:  John Lee, Programme Manager (Market Access) File:  1140-70
Date:   6 June 2002 (1) Publication Ref:  PIPS5

TD 02/055 - Poultry - Amendments to Industry Standard 2 (Construction and Design)




This Technical Directive cancels and replaces 99/48 Poultry - Amendments to Industry Standard 2 (Construction and Design) of 12 May 1999 due to the sunset clause.

PIPS5 - Section 1.4 (Cross References).

This Technical Directive shall be read in conjunction with 02/56 Poultry Industry Processing Standard 5 (PIPS5) of 6 June 2002.




During discussions with Poultry Industry representatives whilst preparing PIPS5 and the associated standards, it became apparent that there was a need for modifications to be made to IS2 sections 8 and 9. These modifications reflect the differences between poultry processing and those for other species.


This Technical Directive advises the modifications to IS2, sections 8 and 9.


These modifications apply to approved PPHs, and are provided without prejudice to future Industry Standard reviews and developments.




The text of the specifications following should be copied and inserted into the PPH's copy of IS2.

3.1.1 The number in the margin from this point relates to the numbering in IS2 sections 8 and 9.

3.1.2 'Text Boxes' can not be shown in electronic Technical Directives due to Internet formatting constraints.

Where a Text Box is to be included in the text, the following words appear:


  Industry Standard 2: Construction and Design

Section 8: Poultry Holding Facilities



Live poultry/birds holding facilities shall be designed, constructed and located to ensure compliance with animal welfare requirements, to effectively contain the poultry/birds, to facilitate ante-mortem inspection (when required) and so that hygienic slaughter and dressing of poultry/birds and the processing, packing, storing and transport of food is not jeopardised.


General Principles

Poultry/bird holding facilities shall be designed to ensure compliance with the animal welfare requirements from holding facilities to the slaughter facilities.


AWAC Requirements

Poultry/bird holding facilities should comply with the AWAC requirements as they apply to the poultry industry.


Inspection functions

Facilities fit for purpose shall be provided for the required inspections.


Animal Species

Holding facilities fit for purpose shall be provided for each species of animal intended for slaughter.


Construction Materials

Structures and construction materials shall be designed to be effectively cleaned and to contain poultry/birds.




"There is an expectation that the stunning and slaughtering area is under cover."



The floors of poultry/bird holding facilities shall be adequately paved, graded and drained to a drainage system and shall be capable of being cleaned.


"Wherever there are floors on which birds are held, there is an expectation that the 'floor' can be cleaned."


Containment of Waste

The outer perimeter of poultry/bird holding facilities shall be curbed to a height sufficient to contain liquid waste.


"There is a requirement that water/waste is prevented from flowing into a processing area, and to prevent contamination of birds/poultry awaiting slaughter."


Animal Washing Facilities

Live bird washing facilities are not mandatory for poultry.


"However, should facilities for bird/poultry washing be required, they should be provided to effectively wash or treat birds/poultry to remove contamination."


Animal Drinking Facilities


"The AWAC Code "Code of Recommendations and minimum standards for the welfare of animals transported within New Zealand" gives the requirements for transporting and holding birds/poultry. Section 16."


The following sections have been deemed to be inappropriate for poultry processing premises and are not mandatory requirements:

8.2.11 Suspect Facilities

All Sections

8.2.12 Facilities for Dogs

8.3 Sheep, Goats, Calves and Pigs

All Sections

8.4 Cattle

8.5 Possums

End of IS2 Section 8

  Industry Standard 2: Construction and Design

Section 9: Slaughter and Dressing Facilities



This section outlines the specific requirements of facilities where live birds/poultry are slaughtered and dressed, within any premises approved for the slaughter and dressing of poultry (PPH).



Slaughter and dressing facilities shall be designed and constructed to ensure hygienic slaughter, dressing, hygienic product flows and compliance with bird/poultry welfare requirements and facilitation of inspection functions.


General Principles

The design, construction and installation of slaughter and dressing facilities shall be suitable for the intended operations of the premises and shall ensure compliance with the operation requirements of slaughter and dressing procedures.



The location of the slaughter and dressing facilities shall provide for ready access of animals from holding facilities.


Restraining and stunning facilities

Animal restraining and stunning facilities shall be designed and constructed to ensure compliance with operational requirements relating to animal welfare, humane slaughter and inducement of insensibility.


Confinement of blood

The bleeding area shall be designed and constructed to confine blood to that area and facilitate its removal without excessive ponding.


Suspension of carcasses Facilities shall be provided to ensure that carcasses and their parts do not come into contact with non-food surfaces, at all times after stunning, and during the defeathering, evisceration and processing processes. Poultry carcasses may contact other poultry carcasses on a hanging rail or table evisceration system, provided that any cross contamination is controlled. The design and construction of slaughter and dressing facilities for birds/poultry to be processed shall preclude the contamination of carcasses by condensation after the final post-evisceration carcass wash. Carcass transfer and suspension systems shall be designed and constructed to prevent unprotected carcasses or parts coming in contact with non-food contact surfaces prior to post-mortem inspection/examination.

Refer also to IS2: Section 6.6.


Moving chain systems

Moving chain dressing systems shall be provided with appropriately located chain stopping devices to facilitate hygienic dressing and inspection.


Retain facilities Adequate clearly identified facilities shall be provided, where necessary, for retaining carcasses or their parts for the purpose of further inspection or treatment. Retain facilities shall be located to permit ready access and supervision by an inspector.


Carcass wash facilities

Devices provided for carcass washing shall be designed and constructed to contain and duct wash water directly to the drainage system.


Inedible and condemned material facilities

Adequate facilities shall be provided for the handling, collection and disposal of inedible and condemned material so as to prevent contamination of product. Facilities and/or equipment shall be suitably identified.


Non-food contact surfaces

Facilities, or alternatively appropriate procedures, shall be in place for the handling of product that has contacted non-food contact surfaces.


Inspection functions Adequate facilities, equipment and unobstructed working space shall be provided to allow inspection functions to be effectively carried out. Adequate facilities shall be provided to ensure each carcass and its viscera (excluding feet and heads) are correlated and presented so as to facilitate inspection.

Note: The Poultry Industry's Technical Working Group is currently reviewing this requirement. However, they note that many premises will have difficulty in positively correlating all carcasses and their viscera. This applies to both manual evisceration procedures and to some mechanical systems.


Byproduct Facilities

Byproduct facilities adjoining slaughter and dressing facilities shall be physically separated from slaughter facilities, designed and constructed on the basis of good sanitary design in accordance with the requirements for byproduct facilities, and fit for purpose

Ends IS2, section 9.

Key contacts